1.Letters from the alphabet.
3. The Neums System.
4. Small horizontal lines, acute- and grave- accents. These were placed above the lyrics of a song to indicate the direction (up or down) of the melody.
5. A plainsong is a simple melody without chords or harmony. They date from the Middle ages.
2. The Great Staff contains 11 horizontal lines. It covers approximately three octaves.
3. Middle C is located on the middle line of the Great Staff.
4. Ledger lines are used to write notes that are above or below a staff.
5. A Clef is a key to identify which lines of the Great Staff are used for a staff with fewer (usually five) lines.
1. A semibreve is a round white note with no stem. It is a whole note.
2. A minim is a round white note with a stem. It is a half note.
3. A crotchet is a round black note with a stem. It is a quarter note.
4. A quaver is a round black note with a stem and a tail. It is an eighth note.
5. A semiquaver is a round black note with a stem and a double tail. It is a sixteenth note.
2. A half note rest is a black box sitting on the middle line of the staff.
Copyright © 2002 Michael Furstner. All rights reserved.